Somali refugees’ struggle for education in the Dadaab camps in northeastern Kenya, which we focused on in a post earlier this month, comes under the spotlight in an article from IRIN that builds on the findings of the 2010 Education for All Global Monitoring Report.
Apart from the basic problem of a lack of funding at the three camps at Dadaab – which make up the world’s largest refugee complex – IRIN draws attention to the damage done to quality of education when there is a serious lack of trained teachers and of teaching materials. And adolescents with few opportunities to continue their education, the article points out, are easy pickings for militia recruiters.
An article about the broader picture in Dadaab on The Guardian’s Global Development site emphasizes the scale of the problem – Dadaab, established 20 years ago, is now Kenya’s fourth-largest city, though no Kenyans live there. The article also picks up on the underlying problem identified in the 2010 EFA Global Monitoring Report: refugees like those in Dadaab are trapped in the international community’s artificial divide between short-term humanitarian relief and long-term development aid.
As Elizabeth Campbell of Refugees International tells The Guardian, “the humanitarian funding structure is simply not set up to deal with people who have been living in crisis for 20 years.”
One of those who has been living at Dadaab since the camps’ beginning, Mohamad Ali, 79, points to an even deeper underlying problem: the failure of the international community to halt the refugee flow by bringing stability to Somalia. “What we need is a lasting political solution for Somalia,” Ali tells The Guardian, “and it’s time the world focused efforts and resources to achieve this.”